To determine the clinical outcomes in men with (FH) and without (NFH) a family history of prostate cancer after radical prostatectomy.We performed a retrospective analysis of 557 men with localized prostate cancer treated by radical prostatectomy between 1989 and 2000. We defined a positive FH as having one or more first-degree relatives such as a father or brother with prostate cancer. The clinical and pathologic features, as well as biochemical disease-free survival, defined as an undetectable prostate-specific antigen level (less than 0.2 ng/mL), were compared between the FH and NFH groups.Compared with the NFH group, the FH men were younger at surgery (median 62 years versus 64 years, P = 0.01), had a lower median preoperative prostate-specific antigen level (7.2 ng/mL versus 7.8 ng/mL, P = 0.05), and were more likely to have only low-grade disease at the final pathologic evaluation (26.2% versus 17.8%, P = 0.05). At a median follow-up of 7.5 years (mean 7.6 +/- 2.9 years), 17% of the FH group had biochemical disease recurrence compared with 30% in the NFH group. The actuarial disease-free survival rate at 5 and 10 years for the two groups was 86% and 80% compared with 73% and 66%, respectively (P = 0.01). When controlled for pathologic variables in a multivariate analysis, FH was not an independent predictor of disease-free survival.The association of improved disease-free survival in the FH patients may have been driven by an earlier age at diagnosis and more favorable pathologic features.
View details for DOI 10.1016/j.urology.2004.09.005
View details for Web of Science ID 000227307000021
View details for PubMedID 15708044