Validation of a Skin-Lesion Image-Matching Algorithm Based on Computer Vision Technology TELEMEDICINE AND E-HEALTH Chen, R. H., Snorrason, M., Enger, S. M., Mostafa, E., Ko, J. M., Aoki, V., Bowling, J. 2016; 22 (1): 45-50


Melanoma incidence is increasing globally, but consistently accurate skin-lesion classification methods remain elusive. We developed a simple software system to classify potentially all types of skin lesions. In the current study, we evaluated the system's ability to identify melanomas with a diameter of 10?mm or larger.The skin-lesion classification system is composed of a proprietary database of nearly 12,000 diagnosed skin-lesion images and a computer algorithm based on the principles of content-based image retrieval. The algorithm compares characteristics of new skin-lesion images with images in the database to identify the nearest-match diagnosis.Nearly all classification accuracy measures for this new system exceeded 90%, with results for sensitivity of 90.4% (95% confidence interval, 85.6-93.7%), specificity of 91.5% (85.4-95.2%), positive predictive value of 94.5% (90.4-96.9%), negative predictive value of 85.5% (78.7-90.4%), and overall classification accuracy of 90.8% (87.2-93.4%).The image-matching algorithm performed with high accuracy for the classification of larger melanomas. Furthermore, the system does not require a dermoscope or any other specialized hardware; any close-focusing camera will do. This system has the potential to be an inexpensive and accurate tool for the evaluation of skin lesions in ethnically and geographically diverse populations.

View details for DOI 10.1089/tmj.2014.0249

View details for Web of Science ID 000368448900007