Hepatocellular carcinoma is one of the most common malignancies worldwide. The general management of hepatocellular carcinoma begins with an accurate diagnosis. With advances in imaging studies, noninvasive diagnosis has become an accepted standard of care for hepatocellular carcinoma, though pathologic examination is still required in selected cases. Following diagnosis, accurate staging is the next most important step in selecting the most appropriate treatment modality. Patients with localised tumor and compensated liver disease should be considered for partial hepatectomy, and patients with poor hepatic function but early tumor stage are candidates for liver transplantation. Patients who do not qualify for either of these curative treatments may be evaluated for palliative therapy, of which transarterial chemoembolisation is most widely used. This review will discuss the role of biopsy, the pros and cons of noninvasive and pathologic tissue diagnosis as well as the general approach to choose the most appropriate treatment for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma.
View details for Web of Science ID 000227994200011
View details for PubMedID 15757811