To investigate panitumumab-IRDye800 as an intraoperative optical imaging agent for epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-expressing cancers, we developed clinical-quality panitumumab-IRDye800 and evaluated its specificity and sensitivity to visualize tumors by fluorescence imaging in a variety of mouse xenograft models with different levels of EGFR-expression. Panitumumab was chemically conjugated to NIR-dye (Li-COR 800CW) at well-defined and limited substitution ratio (1:1-2) for the characterization of fluorescence signals. Yield and purity of the conjugate was 80±5% and 95±2% respectively (n= 6). Quality control (QC) tests showed that product was suitable for clinical development. Female athymic nude xenograft tumor bearing mice (n=5 per tumor model) with very low (BT-474), moderate (MDA-MB-231), and high (MDA-MB-468) EGFR-expression levels were administered panitumumab-IRDye800 formulations (100 µg of mAb in 100 µL of 0.9% saline) via tail-vein injection. Animal imaging and biodistribution experiments were conducted on the FMT 2500 (Perkin Elmer) fluorescence scanner at 24, 48, 72, 96, and 144 hours post injection. Immuno-fluorescence images of panitumumab-IRDye conjugate recorded in mouse xenograft models showed a good correlation (R2 = 0.91) between EGFR-expression level and tumor uptake. Uptake of panitumumab labeled with IR-Dye or [89Zr] in different tumor xenografts with high, medium, and low EGFR expression, as measured by fluorescence or radioactive counts are highly correlated (r2= 0.99). This preclinical in-vivo study proved that panitumumab-IRDye800 is specific and optical imaging in conjunction with this probe is sensitive enough to detect EGFR-expressing tumors.
View details for DOI 10.1039/c4md00116h
View details for Web of Science ID 000341017700009
View details for PubMedCentralID PMC4241857