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The nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) in the central nervous system may be a potential target for the anesthetic effects of thiopental. We evaluated the mechanism of action of thiopental on the human alpha7 nAChR by using 2-electrode voltage clamp methodology. Concentration response curves for agonist were prepared in the presence of 25-250 microM of thiopental. Inhibition by the S- and R-thiopental enantiomers was compared with inhibition by racemic thiopental. We found that thiopental acts as a competitive inhibitor at the human alpha7 nAChR. Inhibition is independent of membrane potential and the K(i(apparent)) is 13 microM of thiopental. The clinical 50% effective concentration for thiopental in humans is 25 microM. Thus, with a K(i(apparent)) of 13 microM, inhibition of the human alpha7 nAChR is within a clinically relevant range. The S- and R-enantiomers of thiopental cause inhibition indistinguishable from the inhibition caused by racemic thiopental. This discordance makes it unlikely that the alpha7 nAChR plays a role in loss of righting reflex induced by thiopental in mice, although nicotinic inhibition by thiopental may mediate other anesthetic effects and side effects.The receptors for nicotine in the brain may be involved in the mechanism of general anesthetics. We have shown that a human receptor for nicotine is inhibited by the anesthetic barbiturate thiopental, at concentrations used clinically. The nicotinic receptor thus may mediate some of the actions of this drug.
View details for Web of Science ID 000167633200026
View details for PubMedID 11273929