Determination of Split Renal Function Using Dynamic CT-Angiography: Preliminary Results PLOS ONE Helck, A., Schoenermarck, U., Habicht, A., Notohamiprodjo, M., Stangl, M., Klotz, E., Nikolaou, K., La Fougere, C., Clevert, D. A., Reiser, M., Becker, C. 2014; 9 (3)


To determine the feasibility of a dynamic CT angiography-protocol with regard to simultaneous assessment of renal anatomy and function.7 healthy potential kidney donors (58 ± 7 years) underwent a dynamic computed tomography angiography (CTA) using a 128-slice CT-scanner with continuous bi-directional table movement, allowing the coverage of a scan range of 18 cm within 1.75 sec. Twelve scans of the kidneys (n = 14) were acquired every 3.5 seconds with the aim to simultaneously obtain CTA and renal function data. Image quality was assessed quantitatively (HU-measurements) and qualitatively (grade 1-4, 1 = best). The glomerular filtration rate (GFR) was calculated by a modified Patlak method and compared with the split renal function obtained with renal scintigraphy.Mean maximum attenuation was 464 ± 58 HU, 435 ± 48 HU and 277 ± 29 HU in the aorta, renal arteries, and renal veins, respectively. The abdominal aorta and all renal vessels were depicted excellently (grade 1.0). The image quality score for cortex differentiation was 1.6 ± 0.49, for the renal parenchyma 2.4 ± 0.49. GFR obtained from dynamic CTA correlated well with renal scintigraphy with a correlation coefficient of r = 0.84; P = 0.0002 (n = 14). The average absolute deviation was 1.6 mL/min. The average effective dose was 8.96 mSv.Comprehensive assessment of renal anatomy and function is feasible using a single dynamic CT angiography examination. The proposed protocol may help to improve management in case of asymmetric kidney function as well as to simplify evaluation of potential living kidney donors.

View details for DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0091774

View details for Web of Science ID 000332842400127

View details for PubMedID 24618919

View details for PubMedCentralID PMC3950217