Optimized contrast volume for dynamic CT angiography in renal transplant patients using a multiphase CT protocol EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF RADIOLOGY Helck, A., BAMBERG, F., Sommer, W. H., Wessely, M., Becker, C., Clevert, D. A., Notohamiprodjo, M., Reiser, M., Nikolaou, K. 2011; 80 (3): 692-698


To study the feasibility of an optimized multiphase renal-CT-angiography (MP-CTA) protocol in patients with history of renal transplantation compared with Doppler-ultrasound (DUS).36 Patients underwent both DUS and time-resolved, MP-CTA (12 phases), with a mean contrast-volume of 34.4±5.1 ml. Quality of MP-CTA was assessed quantitatively (vascular attenuation) and qualitatively (grades 1-4, 1=best). For the assessment of clinical value of MP-CTA, cases were grouped into normal, macrovascular (arterial/venous) and microvascular complications (parenchymal perfusion defect). DUS served as the standard of reference.Using the best of 12 phases in each patient, optimal attenuation was 353±111 HU, 337±98 HU and 164±51 HU in the iliac arteries, renal arteries, and renal veins, respectively. Mean image quality was 1.1±0.3 (n=36) and 2.1±0.6 (n=30) for the transplant renal arteries and veins, respectively. Six renal veins were non-diagnostic in MP-CTA. In 36 patients, MP-CTA showed 13 vascular complications and 10 parenchymal perfusion defects. DUS was not assessable in eight patients. Overall, MP-CTA showed 15 cases with pathology (42%) not identifiable with DUS. The mean effective radiation dose of the MP-CTA protocol was 13.5±5.2 mSv.MP-CTA can be sufficiently performed with reduced contrast volume at reasonable radiation dose in renal transplant patients, providing substantially higher diagnostic yield than DUS.

View details for DOI 10.1016/j.ejrad.2010.10.010

View details for Web of Science ID 000296763300080

View details for PubMedID 21111553