Bariatric surgery is the most effective treatment for obesity. Guidelines for optimizing postoperative care are emerging, and roles of the surgeon and registered dietician (RD) have opportunities for coordination.The study objective was to better define the appropriate guidelines for postoperative care by investigating whether a combined surgeon and RD follow-up for the initial postoperative visit within 2 to 6 weeks after surgery improves patient outcomes.The setting was an accredited bariatric hospital in an academic setting.A retrospective analysis of a prospective database was performed on patients who underwent bariatric surgery and were followed up by either a surgeon alone or by a surgeon and RD for initial postoperative visit.There were 302 patients in the surgeon follow-up group and 268 in the RD follow-up. Patients in the RD follow-up group had significantly fewer readmissions due to dietary-related problems (9 versus 0; P = .004), more favorable 3-month change in serum thiamine (-30.5 versus-4.04; P = .002), high-density lipoprotein (-3.42 versus-1.67; P = .053), and triglycerides (-17.5 versus-31.5; P = .03), and trended lower number of minor complications (16 versus 6; P = .08). No significant differences in percent excess weight loss were observed at all time points after surgery. Multivariate logistic models controlling for demographic features found that RD follow-up predicted 3-month increase in thiamine (odds ratio = 2.49; P<.000) and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (OR = 1.73; P = .01), and decrease in total cholesterol (OR = 1.58; P = .03) and triglycerides (OR = 1.55; P = .03).Follow-up with a surgeon and RD for the initial postoperative visit may help improve patient outcomes.
View details for DOI 10.1016/j.soard.2016.01.008
View details for PubMedID 27220825