Major advances have been made since the discovery of driver mutations and their targeted therapies, especially in the treatment of patients with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations. Despite their initial efficacy in the majority of the patients with such driver mutations, all targeted therapies are limited by the eventual development of resistance mechanisms.EGFR T790M mutation is a common resistance mechanism after treatment with first or second generation EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI). Rociletinib is one of the third generation EGFR TKIs with activity against T790M and activating EGFR mutations while sparing the wild-type EGFR. In this review, we discuss the current understanding and available data on rociletinib, including the side effects associated with the medication. We will also review the BEAMing plasma test to detect T790M mutation without the need for repeat biopsy. Lastly, we review the potential resistance mechanisms after progression on rociletinib, and future directions.It is important to note that there are other 3(rd) generation EGFR TKIs with activity against T790M already approved by the US FDA (osimertinib) and many others in development. Future research will focus on figuring out which patients can benefit the most from a particular medication with minimal side effects, and further resistance mechanisms after rociletinib.
View details for DOI 10.1517/14656566.2016.1162786
View details for PubMedID 26950414