Yttrium-90 Radioembolization with Resin Microspheres without Routine Embolization of the Gastroduodenal Artery. Journal of vascular and interventional radiology Ward, T. J., Louie, J. D., Sze, D. Y. 2017; 28 (2): 246-253


To evaluate safety of resin microsphere radioembolization (RE) without prophylactic embolization of the gastroduodenal artery (GDA).Between July 2013 and April 2015, all patients undergoing RE with resin microspheres for liver-dominant metastatic disease were treated without routine embolization of the GDA. Selective embolization of distal hepaticoenteric vessels was performed if identified by digital subtraction angiography, cone-beam computed tomography, or technetium-99m macroaggregated albumin scintigraphy. Resin microspheres were administered using 5% dextrose flush distal to the origin of the GDA in lobar or segmental fashion, with judicious use of an antireflux microcatheter in recognized high-risk situations. Gastrointestinal toxicity was evaluated by the performing physician for at least 3 months.RE with resin microspheres was performed in 62 patients undergoing 69 treatments. During planning angiography, embolization of 0 or 1 vessel (median, 1; range, 0-4) was performed in 86% of patients, most commonly the right gastric and supraduodenal arteries. Prophylactic embolization of the GDA was performed in only 2 patients (3%). In 6 treatments (9%), adjunctive embolization was required immediately before RE, and an antireflux microcatheter was used in 14% of treatments. Clinical follow-up was available in 60 of 62 patients (median, 134 d; range, 15-582 d). No signs or symptoms of gastric or duodenal ulceration were observed.RE using resin microspheres without embolization of the GDA can be performed safely.

View details for DOI 10.1016/j.jvir.2016.09.002

View details for PubMedID 27884683