Costs and Financial Burden of Initial Hospitalizations for Firearm Injuries in the United States, 2006-2014. American journal of public health Spitzer, S. A., Staudenmayer, K. L., Tennakoon, L., Spain, D. A., Weiser, T. G. 2017; 107 (5): 770-774


To quantify the inflation-adjusted costs associated with initial hospitalizations for firearm-related injuries in the United States.We used the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project Nationwide Inpatient Sample to identify patients admitted for firearm-related injuries from 2006 to 2014. We converted charges from hospitalization to costs, which we inflation-adjusted to 2014 dollars. We used survey weights to create national estimates.Costs for the initial inpatient hospitalization totaled $6.61 billion. The largest proportion was for patients with governmental insurance coverage, totaling $2.70 billion (40.8%) and was divided between Medicaid ($2.30 billion) and Medicare ($0.40 billion). Self-pay individuals accounted for $1.56 billion (23.6%) in costs.From 2006 to 2014, the cost of initial hospitalizations for firearm-related injuries averaged $734.6 million per year. Medicaid paid one third and self-pay patients one quarter of the financial burden. These figures substantially underestimate true health care costs. Public health implications. Firearm-related injuries are costly to the US health care system and are particularly burdensome to government insurance and the self-paying poor.

View details for DOI 10.2105/AJPH.2017.303684

View details for PubMedID 28323465