Correlation between inertial cavitation dose and endothelial cell damage in vivo ULTRASOUND IN MEDICINE AND BIOLOGY Hwang, J. H., Tu, J., Brayman, A. A., Matula, T. J., Crum, L. A. 2006; 32 (10): 1611-1619


Previous in vivo studies have demonstrated that vascular endothelial damage can result when vessels containing gas-based microbubble ultrasound contrast agent (UCA) are exposed to MHz-frequency pulsed ultrasound (US) of sufficient pressure amplitudes, presumably as a result of inertial cavitation (IC). The hypothesis guiding this research was that IC is the primary mechanism by which the vascular endothelium (VE) is damaged when a vessel is exposed to pulsed 1-MHz frequency US in the presence of circulating UCA. The expectation was that a correlation should exist between the magnitude and duration of IC activity and the degree of VE damage. Rabbit auricular vessels were exposed in vivo to 1.17-MHz focused US of variable peak rarefaction pressure amplitude (1, 3, 6.5 or 9 MPa), using low duty factors (0.04% or 0.4%), pulse lengths of 500 or 5000 cycles, with varying treatment durations and with or without infusion of a shelled microbubble contrast agent. A broadband passive cavitation detection system was used to measure IC activity in vivo within the targeted segment of the blood vessel. The magnitude of the detected IC activity was quantified using a previously reported measure of IC dose. Endothelial damage was assessed via scanning electron microscopy image analysis. The results supported the hypothesis and demonstrate that the magnitude of the measured IC dose correlates with the degree of VE damage when UCA is present. These results have implications for therapeutic US-induced vascular occlusion.

View details for DOI 10.1016/j.ultrasmedbio.2006.07.016

View details for Web of Science ID 000241592500020

View details for PubMedID 17045882