Learning models for endoscopic ultrasonography in gastrointestinal endoscopy WORLD JOURNAL OF GASTROENTEROLOGY Kim, G. H., Bang, S. J., Hwang, J. H. 2015; 21 (17): 5176-5182


Endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) has become a useful diagnostic and therapeutic modality in gastrointestinal endoscopy. However, EUS requires additional training since it requires simultaneous endoscopic manipulation and ultrasonographic interpretation. Obtaining adequate EUS training can be challenging since EUS is highly operator-dependent and training on actual patients can be associated with an increased risk of complications including inaccurate diagnosis. Therefore, several models have been developed to help facilitate training of EUS. The models currently available for EUS training include computer-based simulators, phantoms, ex vivo models, and live animal models. Although each model has its own merits and limitations, the value of these different models is rather complementary than competitive. However, there is a lack of objective data regarding the efficacy of each model with recommendations on the use of various training models based on expert opinion only. Therefore, objective studies evaluating the efficacy of various EUS training models on technical and clinical outcomes are still needed.

View details for DOI 10.3748/wjg.v21.i17.5176

View details for Web of Science ID 000353774100008

View details for PubMedID 25954091

View details for PubMedCentralID PMC4419058