Long-Term Functional Outcomes in Military Service Members and Veterans After Traumatic Brain Injury/Polytrauma Inpatient Rehabilitation ARCHIVES OF PHYSICAL MEDICINE AND REHABILITATION Gray, M., Chung, J., Aguila, F., Williams, T., Teraoka, J. K., Harris, O. A. 2018; 99 (2): S33–S39


To determine the effect of the established polytrauma/traumatic brain injury (TBI) infrastructure on immediate posttreatment functional gains, the long-term sustainability of any gains, and participation-related community reintegration outcomes in a baseline cohort of patients 8 years postadmission.Retrospective review and prospective repeated measures of an inception cohort.Polytrauma rehabilitation center (PRC).Patients consecutively admitted to the PRC inpatient rehabilitation unit during its first full fiscal year, 2006 (N=44).The PRC infrastructure and formalized rehabilitation for polytrauma/TBI.FIM scores at admission, discharge, 3 months, and 8 years postdischarge; participation-related socioeconomic factors reflecting community reintegration 8 years after admission.Functional gains were statistically significantly increased from admission to discharge. Improvements were maintained at both 3 months postdischarge and 8 years postdischarge. The socioeconomic data collected at 8-year follow-up showed >50% either competitively employed or continuing their education and 100% living in a noninstitutionalized setting.This study addresses a concern regarding the long-term functional outcomes of rehabilitation patients treated by the established infrastructure of the Polytrauma System of Care inpatient rehabilitation centers. The results suggest that polytrauma/TBI rehabilitation care using a comprehensive, integrated approach is effective and durable in achieving functional gains and successful community reintegration within our initial PRC cohort. Follow-up of subsequent fiscal year cohorts would add to the validity of these outcome findings.

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