Five-Year Followup Results of a Prospective, Multicenter Study of Patients with Overactive Bladder Treated with Sacral Neuromodulation JOURNAL OF UROLOGY Siegel, S., Noblett, K., Mangel, J., Bennett, J., Griebling, T. L., Sutherland, S. E., Bird, E. T., Comiter, C., Culkin, D., Zylstra, S., Kan, F., Berg, K. 2018; 199 (1): 229–36


We evaluated the therapeutic success rate, changes in quality of life and safety of sacral neuromodulation 5 years after InterStim™ implantation. Included in study were subjects with bothersome symptoms of overactive bladder, including urinary urge incontinence and/or urgency-frequency, in whom at least 1 anticholinergic medication failed and 1 medication had not been tried.Therapeutic success was defined as a urinary urge incontinence or urgency-frequency response of 50% or greater improvement in average leaks or voids per day, or return to normal voiding, defined as fewer than 8 voids per day. Quality of life was evaluated by ICIQ-OABqol (International Consultation on Incontinence Modular Questionnaire). Safety was evaluated through adverse events.Of the 340 subjects who completed the test stimulation 272 had an implant, of whom 91% were female. Mean age was 57 years. At baseline 202 subjects with urinary urge incontinence had a mean ± SD of 3.1 ± 2.7 leaks per day and 189 with urgency-frequency had a mean of 12.6 ± 4.5 voids per day. The 5-year therapeutic success rate was 67% (95% CI 60-74) using modified completers analysis and 82% (95% CI 76-88) using completers analysis. Subjects with urinary urge incontinence had a mean reduction from baseline of 2.0 ± 2.2 leaks per day and subjects with urgency-frequency had a mean reduction of 5.4 ± 4.3 voids per day (each completers analysis p <0.0001). Subjects showed improvement in all ICIQ-OABqol measures (p <0.0001). The most common device related adverse events were an undesirable change in stimulation in 60 of the 272 subjects (22%), implant site pain in 40 (15%) and therapeutic product ineffectiveness in 36 (13%).This multicenter study shows that sacral neuromodulation had sustained efficacy and quality of life improvements, and an acceptable safety profile through 5 years in subjects with overactive bladder.

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