Detecting oropharyngeal carcinoma using multispectral, narrow-band imaging and machine learning. The Laryngoscope Mascharak, S., Baird, B. J., Holsinger, F. C. 2018


OBJECTIVE: To determine if multispectral narrow-band imaging (mNBI) can be used for automated, quantitative detection of oropharyngeal carcinoma (OPC).STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study.METHODS: Multispectral narrow-band imaging and white light endoscopy (WLE) were used to examine the lymphoepithelial tissues of the oropharynx in a preliminary cohort of 30 patients (20 with biopsy-proven OPC, 10 healthy). Low-level image features from five patients were then extracted to train naive Bayesian classifiers for healthy and malignant tissue.RESULTS: Tumors were classified by color features with 65.9% accuracy, 66.8% sensitivity, and 64.9% specificity under mNBI. In contrast, tumors were classified with 52.3% accuracy (P=0.0108), 44.8% sensitivity (P=0.0793), and 59.9% specificity (P=0.312) under WLE. Receiver operating characteristic analysis yielded areas under the curve (AUC) of 72.3% and 54.6% for classification under mNBI and WLE, respectively (P=0.00168). For classification by both color and texture features, AUC under mNBI increased (80.1%, P=0.00230) but did not improve under WLE (below 55% for both models, P=0.180). Cross-validation with five folds yielded an AUC above 80% for both mNBI models and below 55% for both WLE models (P=0.0000410 and 0.000116).CONCLUSION: Compared to WLE, mNBI significantly enhanced the performance of a naive Bayesian classifier trained on low-level image features of oropharyngeal mucosa. These findings suggest that automated clinical detection of OPC might be used to enhance surgical vision, improve early diagnosis, and allow for high-throughput screening.LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: NA. Laryngoscope, 2018.

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