Partial and Full-Thickness RCT: Modern Repair Techniques CURRENT REVIEWS IN MUSCULOSKELETAL MEDICINE Nathani, A., Smith, K., Wang, T. 2018; 11 (1): 113–21


The purpose of this article is to review the recent literature concerning modern repair techniques related to partial- and full-thickness rotator cuff tears.The understanding of rotator cuff pathology and healing continues to evolve, beginning with emerging descriptions of the anatomic footprint and natural history of rotator cuff tears. Significant controversy remains in treatment indications for partial-thickness rotator cuff lesions as well as optimal surgical repair techniques for both partial- and full-thickness tears. Techniques such as margin convergence and reduction of the so-called "comma" tissue have improved the ability to anatomically reduce large and retracted tears. Repair strength and contact pressures are improved with double-row repairs and transosseus-equivalent techniques compared to traditional single-row repairs. Future work is directed towards obtaining reliable radiographic healing and demonstrating clinical superiority and cost-effectiveness of a single technique. Much recent work regarding rotator cuff anatomy and pathology has been reported. Newer techniques improve repair strength. Despite these advances, significant questions remain concerning surgical indications and clinical outcomes.

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