Abundant heterotopic bone formation following use of rhBMP-2 in the treatment of acetabular bone defects during revision hip arthroplasty. Arthroplasty today Arzeno, A., Wang, T., Huddleston, J. I. 2018; 4 (2): 162–68


Revision hip arthroplasty in the setting of periacetabular bone loss presents a significant challenge, as options for restoring bone loss are limited. Recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 may offer a solution by promoting bone growth to restore bone stock before implant reimplantation. Here we present a case of a patient with a periprosthetic acetabulum fracture, resulting in pelvic discontinuity as the result of significant periacetabular bone loss. Using a staged approach, periacetabular bone stock was nearly entirely reconstituted using recombinant BMPs and allograft, which resulted in stable fixation, but with abundant heterotopic bone formation. Recombinant BMP-2 offers a useful tool for restoring bone stock in complex hip arthroplasty revision cases with periacetabular bone loss; however, caution must be used as overabundant bone growth as heterotopic ossification may result.

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