What do health coaches do? Direct observation of health coach activities during medical and patient-health coach visits at 3 federally qualified health centers. Patient education and counseling Johnson, C., Saba, G., Wolf, J., Gardner, H., Thom, D. H. 2018; 101 (5): 900-907


To examine activities of health coaches during patient medical visits and when meeting one-on-one with patients at 3 urban federally qualified health centers.Encounters were videotaped and transcribed. Data was analyzed using a matrix analysis approach that allowed a priori identification of expected categories of activity, based on the health coach training model and previously developed conceptual framework, which were modified based on activities observed.A total of 10 medical visits (patient, clinician and health coach), and 8 patient-coach visits were recorded. We identified 9 categories common to both medical and patient-coach visits and 2 categories unique to the medical visit. While observed activities were generally consistent with expected categories, some activities were observed infrequently or not at all. We also observed additional activity categories, including information gathering and personal conversation. The average amount of time spent on some categories of coaching activities differed substantially between medical visits and patient-coach visits.Health coaching activities observed differed in several respects to those expected, and differed between medical visits and coaching only visits.These results provide insights into health coaching behaviors that can be used to inform training and improve utilization of health coaches in practice.

View details for DOI 10.1016/j.pec.2017.11.017

View details for PubMedID 29195719