Elevated urinary lipocalin-2, interleukin-6 and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 levels in children with congenital ureteropelvic junction obstruction. Journal of pediatric urology Yu, L., Zhou, L., Li, Q., Li, S., Luo, X., Zhang, C., Wu, B., Brooks, J. D., Sun, H. 2018


INTRODUCTION: In children with congenital ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO), urinary biomarkers could assist in the diagnosis of renal damage or kidneys at risk for damage. Urinary levels of interleukin-6 (IL6), neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (LCN2), monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP1), and transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGFB1) proteins have been correlated with renal damage in several contexts. Whether they might be useful non-invasive biomarkers of obstructive nephropathy due to unilateral and bilateral congenital UPJO was tested.PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cohort study was performed at People's Hospital of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region in China. Bladder urine samples from 17 patients with UPJO were obtained before surgical intervention and from 17 healthy age-matched controls. Levels of IL6, LCN2, MCP1, and TGFB1 were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and normalized to urinary creatinine levels.RESULTS: Levels of urinary LCN2, MCP1, and IL6 were significantly elevated in the urine from individuals with UPJO compared with controls (P=0.0003, P=0.0003, and P=0.0073, respectively). Children with bilateral UPJO (n=5) showed significantly higher levels of IL6, LCN2, and MCP1 protein in their urine compared with controls or those with unilateral UPJO (n=12; P=0.007, P<0.0001, and P=0.0002, respectively). Combining LCN2 and MCP1 slightly improved biomarker performance.DISCUSSION: Urinary biomarkers could be used in obstructed patients to monitor for renal damage and might find particular utility on patients with bilateral UPJO. Monitoring urinary biomarkers and imaging features in untreated patients could provide insights into the natural history of renal damage due to obstruction and will be necessary to test their performance characteristics as biomarkers.CONCLUSIONS: Urinary levels of LCN2 and MCP1 protein are promising biomarkers monitoring children with UPJO, particularly in those with bilateral disease.

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