BACKGROUND: Studies assessing the safety and effectiveness of Del Nido cardioplegia for adult cardiac surgery remain limited. We investigated early outcomes after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) using single-dose Del Nido cardioplegia vs. conventional multi-dose blood cardioplegia. Methods and Results: The 81 consecutive patients underwent isolated CABG performed by a single surgeon. The initial 27 patients received anterograde blood cardioplegia, while the subsequent 54 patients received anterograde Del Nido cardioplegia. There were no differences in the baseline characteristics of each group nor any differences in the 30-day incidences of myocardial infarction, all-cause death, and readmission following surgery. The use of Del Nido cardioplegia was associated with shorter cardiopulmonary bypass time (98 vs. 115 min, P=0.011), shorter cross-clamp time (74 vs. 87 min, P=0.006), and decreased need for intraoperative defibrillation (13.0% vs. 33.3%, P=0.030) compared with blood cardioplegia. To control for the difference in cross-clamp time, we performed propensity score matching with a logistical treatment model and confirmed that Del Nido cardioplegia provided similar outcomes as blood cardioplegia and also reduced the need for defibrillation independent of cross-clamp time.CONCLUSIONS: Compared with conventional blood cardioplegia, Del Nido cardioplegia provided excellent myocardial protection with reduced need for intraoperative defibrillation, shorter bypass and cross-clamp times, and comparable early clinical outcomes for adult patients undergoing CABG.
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