Residual or recurrent mitral regurgitation frequently occurs after mitral valve repair for ischemic mitral regurgitation with an annuloplasty ring. Because annuloplasty primarily addresses annular dilatation, we studied an adjunctive technique that might correct restricted leaflet (Carpentier type IIIb) systolic closing motion, which often accompanies annular dilatation in patients with ischemic mitral regurgitation.Six sheep had radiopaque markers placed on the left ventricle, mitral leaflets and annulus, and mitral subvalvular apparatus. A pericardial patch was sutured into the middle scallop of the posterior mitral valve leaflet and furled in with a reefing stitch placed in the radial axis. Posterolateral left ventricular myocardial ischemia was created by using proximal circumflex occlusion to induce acute ischemic mitral regurgitation. Under open-chest conditions, 3-dimensional marker coordinates were measured by using biplane videofluoroscopy at baseline and during acute ischemia both before and after release of the reefing stitch (leaflet extension); transesophageal echocardiography was used to grade ischemic mitral regurgitation.Leaflet apical systolic tethering was not improved by leaflet extension, but ischemic mitral regurgitation decreased (control, 0.9 +/- 0.3*; ischemia, 2.4 +/- 0.3; leaflet extension, 1.5 +/- 0.3; *P < 0.002). Posterior mitral valve leaflet midline length (control, 1.45 +/- 0.09*; ischemia, 1.53 +/- 0.10; leaflet extension, 1.83 +/- 0.13*; *P < 0.001) and posterior mitral valve leaflet middle scallop area (control, 1.66 +/- 0.20 cm2*; ischemia, 1.91 +/- 0.22 cm2; leaflet extension, 2.36 +/- 0.22 cm2*; *P < 0.006) increased with leaflet extension because of patch unfurling (mean +/- 1 standard error of the mean; repeated-measures analysis of variance, Dunnet post-hoc test vs ischemia).Posterior mitral valve leaflet extension ameliorated acute ischemic mitral regurgitation but did not correct the abnormal apically restricted systolic posterior mitral valve leaflet closing motion. This technique might be a useful adjunct repair in combination with ring annuloplasty for ischemic mitral regurgitation, but the clinical role of this adjunct remains to be defined in patients.
View details for DOI 10.1016/j.jtcvs.2005.11.027
View details for Web of Science ID 000236470200022
View details for PubMedID 16580446