Introduction Accurate dose delivery is critical to the success of stereotactic radiosurgery. Unfortunately, verification of the accuracy of treatment delivery remains a challenging problem. Existing radiosurgery delivery paradigms are limited in their ability to verify the accurate delivery of radiation beams using data sampled from the beam after it has traversed the patient. The Zap-X Radiosurgery System (Zap Surgical Systems, San Carlos, CA) addresses this issue by implementing a fully integrated treatment delivery system that utilizes a factory commissioned megavoltage (MV) imager to measure the transmitted beam. The measured intensity is then compared with an expected value in order to confirm that treatment is proceeding as expected. The purpose of this study was to evaluate a prototype system and investigate the accuracy of an attenuation model used in generating the expected transmitted intensity values. Methods A prototype MV imager was used to measure transmitted beam intensities at various exposure levels and through several thicknesses of solid water. The data were used to evaluate imager linearity and model accuracy. Results Experimental results indicate that a quadratic attenuation model is appropriate for predicting beam attenuation and that the imager exhibits excellent dose linearity. Conclusions The MV imager system is shown to be capable of accurately acquiring the data needed to confirm treatment validity.
View details for PubMedID 29392101