[Inhibiting scar formation in rat cutaneous wounds by blocking TGF-beta signaling]. Zhonghua yi xue za zhi Liu, W., Chua, C. H., Wu, X., Wang, D., Yin, D., Cui, L., Cao, Y., Longaker, M. T. 2003; 83 (1): 31–36


OBJECTIVE: TGF-beta plays a key role in wound scarring. This study explored the possibility of using gene therapy to inhibit wound scarring by blocking TGF-beta signaling.METHODS: In vitro, human normal dermal fibroblasts were infected with recombinant adenoviruses of truncated TGF-beta receptor II (tTGF-betaRII, 100 pfu/cell) and beta-galactosidase (beta-gal, 100 pfu/cell), and their effects on regulating TGF-beta1 gene expression were analyzed by Northern blot. For gene therapy, beta-gal and tTGF-betaRII viruses (1 x 10(9) pfu)were injected intradermally at left and right side of dorsal skin of newborn Sprague-Dawley rats (n = 15) respectively. A full-thickness incisional wound (0.5 cm long) was created at the injection sites of each rat 2 days post-injection. An incisional wound was similarly created in the middle part of the dorsal skin of tTGF-betaRII transgenic mice (n = 5) and control mice (n = 5). Wound tissues of rats and mice were harvested at various time points post-wounding for histological and immunohistochemical analysis. Scar area in tissue section was measured by Image-Pro Plus software.RESULTS: Over-expression of tTGF-betaRII markedly reduced TGF-beta1 gene expression in dermal fibroblasts. Adenovirus mediated gene expression in skin reached a peak level 2 - 3 days post-injection, and decreased gradually at 5 - 7 days. Two weeks post-wounding, histology and quantitative analysis demonstrated that relative scar area in the wounds of transgenic mice and control mice were 136,969.8 +/- 66,339 and 474,641.6 +/- 227,396 respectively, the scar area of transgenic wounds was 29 percent of control area (P < 0.05). In all rats, wounds transfected with tTGF-betaRII gene healed with much less scarring (relative scar area 128,311.2 +/- 36,764.6) than control wounds (251,189.1 +/- 62,544.7) of the same rat, with a 45% reduction of scar area in average (P < 0.001). In addition, the tTGF-betaRII expression also decreased inflammation and TGF-beta1 production in treated wounds, and promoted the repair of panniculus muscle in treated wounds.CONCLUSIONS: Adenovirus mediated over-expression of tTGF-betaRII can block TGF-beta signaling and inhibit wound scarring, and thus can serve as a gene therapy strategy to control wound scarring.

View details for PubMedID 12757642