An unreported risk in the use of home nasal continuous positive airway pressure and home nasal ventilation in children - Mid-face hypoplasia CHEST Li, K. K., Riley, R. W., Guilleminault, C. 2000; 117 (3): 916-918


We report the case of a 15-year-old boy with obstructive sleep apnea and obesity who was treated since the age of 5 with nasal continuous positive airway pressure. Due to the long-term use of a nasal mask, the child developed a mid-face hypoplasia. Chronic use of a nasal mask for home ventilation in children should always be associated with regular evaluations of maxillomandibular growth.

View details for PubMedID 10713032