Adenotonsillectomy and obstructive sleep apnea in children: A prospective survey OTOLARYNGOLOGY-HEAD AND NECK SURGERY Guilleminault, C., Huang, Y., Glamann, C., Li, K., Chan, A. 2007; 136 (2): 169-175


Prospective survey of children up to 14 years of age with OSA submitted to adenotonsillectomy.Clinical evaluation, with questionnaires and clinical scales evaluating facial structures including tonsils and Mallampati scales and otolaryngologic evaluation; nocturnal polysomnography and repeat evaluation three to five months postsurgery.Of 207 successively seen children, 199 had follow-up polysomnography, and 94 had still abnormal sleep recording. Multivariate analysis indicates that Mallampati scale score 3 and 4, retro-position of mandible, enlargement of nasal inferior turbinates at +3 (subjective scale 1 to 3), and deviated septum were significantly associated with persistence of abnormal polysomnography (with high 95% CI for Mallampati scale and deviated septum).Mallampati scale scores are resultant of several facial factors involving maxilla, mandible, and oral versus oral breathing but add information on risk of partial response to adenotonsillectomy.Adenotonsillectomy may not resolve obstructive sleep apnea in children.

View details for DOI 10.1016/j.otohns.2006.09.021

View details for PubMedID 17275534