Mechanisms of fibroblast growth factor-2 modulation of vascular endothelial growth factor expression by osteoblastic cells ENDOCRINOLOGY Saadeh, P. B., Mehrara, B. J., Steinbrech, D. S., Spector, J. A., Greenwald, J. A., Chim, G. S., Ueno, H., Gittes, G. K., Longaker, M. T. 2000; 141 (6): 2075-2083


Normal bone growth and repair is dependent on angiogenesis. Fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and transforming growth factor-beta (TGFbeta) have all been implicated in the related processes of angiogenesis, growth, development, and repair. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships between FGF-2 and both VEGF and TGFbeta in nonimmortalized and clonal osteoblastic cells. Northern blot analysis revealed 6-fold peak increases in VEGF mRNA at 6 h in fetal rat calvarial cells and MC3T3-E1 osteoblastic cells after stimulation with FGF-2. Actinomycin D inhibited these increases in VEGF mRNA, whereas cycloheximide did not. The stability ofVEGF mRNA was not increased after FGF-2 treatment. Furthermore, FGF-2 induced dose-dependent increases in VEGF protein levels (P < 0.01). Although in MC3T3-E1 cells, TGFbeta1 stimulates a 6-fold peak increase in VEGF mRNA after 3 h of stimulation, we found that both TGFbeta2 and TGFbeta3 yielded 2- to 3-fold peak increases in VEGF mRNA levels noted after 6 h of stimulation. Similarly, both TGFbeta2 and TGFbeta3 dose dependently increased VEGF protein production. To determine whether FGF-2-induced increases in VEGF mRNA may have occurred independently of TGFbeta, we disrupted TGFbeta signal transduction (using adenovirus encoding a truncated form of TGFbeta receptor II), which attenuated TGFbeta1 induction of VEGF mRNA, but did not impede FGF-2 induction ofVEGF mRNA. In summary, FGF-2-induced VEGF expression by osteoblastic cells is a dose-dependent event that may be independent of concomitant FGF-2-induced modulation of TGFbeta activity.

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