Incidence and Risk Factors for Deep Vein Thrombosis after Radiofrequency and Laser Ablation of the Lower Extremity Veins. Annals of vascular surgery Itoga, N. K., Rothenberg, K. A., Deslarzes-Dubuis, C. n., George, E. L., Chandra, V. n., Harris, E. J. 2019


The rates of thromboembolic complications such as deep venous thrombosis (DVT) after venous ablation procedures for symptomatic superficial venous insufficiency are controversial. We sought to describe the risk factors for, and incidence of DVT after radiofrequency ablation (RFA) and laser ablation (LA).We queried the Truven Health Marketscan Database from 2007-16 for patients who underwent RFA or LA and had a follow-up duplex ultrasound within 30 days of the ablation procedure. The primary outcome was DVT at 7- and 30-days identified by ICD-9 and ICD-10 codes. Multivariable regression was used to evaluate the patient and procedural variables associated with a DVT at 30-days, expressed as odds ratios with a 95% confidence interval (OR 95%CI). Patients and procedures with a previous DVT diagnosis were excluded.A total of 256,999 patients underwent 433,286 ablation procedures: 192,195 (44.4%) RFA and 241,091 LA. Of these, 8,203 (1.9%) had a newly diagnosed DVT within 7-days and 13,347 (3.1%) within 30-days of the procedure. The incidence of DVT decreased over the study period. LA (2.8%) demonstrated a lower incidence of DVT at 30-days compared to RFA (3.4%), p<0.001. On multivariable regression, LA (OR 0.82, 95%CI 0.80-0.85) was again associated with a decreased risk for 30-day DVT, as was female gender (OR 0.74, 95%CI 0.71-0.77) and sclerotherapy performed on the same day (OR 0.91, 95%CI 0.85-0.98). A diagnosis of peripheral artery disease (OR 1.23, 95%CI 1.16-1.31) and concomitant stab phlebectomy (OR 1.43, 95%CI 1.37-1.49) was associated with an increased risk of DVT within 30-days.The incidence of newly diagnosed DVT within 30-days of an ablation procedure was 3.2%. The risk for DVT decreased in recent years and LA was associated with a 18% decreased risk compared to RFA.

View details for DOI 10.1016/j.avsg.2019.04.008

View details for PubMedID 31201974