OBJECTIVE: An observed disparity in population-scale data are a larger number of males among preterm births (PTBs). We investigated spontaneous PTB risk among women of various race/ethnic groups in combination with infants' sex.STUDY DESIGN: This observational study was conducted in>10 million California births (1991-2012) using birth certificates linked with maternal and infant hospital discharge data.RESULTS: Male-to-female ratios among term (37-42 weeks) infants exhibited the narrow ratio range 1.02 to 1.06 across race/ethnic groups. Such ratios among spontaneous PTBs were generally larger for all race/ethnic groups except non-Hispanic blacks. For blacks, ratios tended to be lower and similar to their term birth counterpart, 1.03. Hazard ratios adjusted for maternal age and education for non-Hispanic blacks were 0.99 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.90-1.09), 1.01 (95% CI 0.95-1.08), 0.98 (95% CI 0.94-1.03), and 1.03 (95% CI 1.01-1.05), respectively, for gestational week groupings of 20 to 23, 24 to 27, 28 to 321, and 32 to 36. Hazard ratios for non-Hispanic whites for the same groupings were 1.08 (95% CI 0.98-1.18), 1.13 (95% CI 1.07-1.19), 1.21 (95% CI 1.17-1.25), and 1.18 (95% CI 1.17-1.19).CONCLUSION: Why male-to-female ratios are similar across gestational ages in blacks but substantially higher in other race/ethnic groups is theoretically considered relative to inflammation, stress, and other influences.
View details for DOI 10.1055/s-0039-3400449
View details for PubMedID 31756757