Changes in neovascular activity following fixed dosing with an anti-vascular endothelial growth factor agent over 52 weeks in the phase III VIEW 1 and VIEW 2 studies. The British journal of ophthalmology Moshfeghi, D. M., Thompson, D. n., Saroj, N. n. 2019


To understand changes in disease activity as assessed by leakage and retinal fluid status in patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD) receiving fixed dosing with an anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) agent.In the phase III VIEW 1 (NCT00509795) and VIEW 2 (NCT00637377) studies, eyes with nAMD were treated with intravitreal aflibercept or ranibizumab. Independent, masked reading centres determined the presence/absence of leakage (fluorescein angiography) and retinal fluid (optical coherence tomography) at baseline, week 24 and week 52. In this integrated, post hoc analysis of the VIEW studies, the relationship between leakage/fluid status and best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was assessed. The impact of baseline lesion type (predominantly classic (PC), minimally classic (MC), occult) was also evaluated. Data from all treatment groups were pooled.2373 eyes were included in this analysis. At baseline, 95.4% of eyes presented with both leakage and fluid. By week 52, leakage and fluid were present in 16.0% of eyes. Mean BCVA gains at week 52 were numerically greater in eyes without leakage and fluid versus eyes with both leakage and fluid (10.3 vs 9.2 letters). At week 52, 11.6%, 15.3% and 20.1% of eyes with PC, MC and occult lesions, respectively, had both leakage and fluid present.In this post hoc analysis, fixed dosing with an anti-VEGF agent over 52 weeks eliminated disease activity (absence of both leakage and fluid) in most eyes. The effect of anti-VEGF treatment on leakage/fluid status favoured PC versus occult lesions.

View details for DOI 10.1136/bjophthalmol-2019-315021

View details for PubMedID 31826853