Adolescents and young adults (AYAs) with Philadelphia chromosome-negative acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) represent a unique patient population with a disproportionate survival disadvantage compared with younger children. Substantial progress has been made as we began to understand and address the multifaceted drivers behind this outcome disparity. New insights into the biology of B-cell ALL have uncovered distinct genetic characteristics more commonly found in AYAs that affect prognosis. Dramatic improvements in survival have been achieved with the use of pediatric-inspired protocols in the front-line setting, as well as antibody-based and chimeric antigen receptor T-cell therapies in the relapsed and refractory setting. Guided by the incorporation of minimal residual disease testing to inform clinical decision making, these represent major paradigm shifts in management. Efforts to design clinical trials geared toward AYAs and to enroll AYAs in available clinical trials will ensure ongoing progress. Holistic care of AYAs with ALL further involves recognition of psychosocial issues arising as a consequence of their diagnosis and the delivery of age-appropriate supportive care.
View details for DOI 10.1200/JOP.19.00197
View details for PubMedID 32048928