Atypical response patterns following immune checkpoint blockade (ICB) in Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) led to the concept of continuation of treatment beyond progression (TBP); however, the longitudinal benefit of this approach is unclear. We therefore performed a retrospective analysis of 64 patients treated with ICB - 20 who received TBP (TBP cohort) and 44 who stopped ICB at initial progression (non-TBP cohort). The TBP cohort received ICB for a median of 4.7 months after initial progression and delayed subsequent treatment by a median of 6.6 months. Despite receiving more prior lines of therapy, the TBP cohort achieved longer progression-free survival with post-ICB treatment (median 17.5m vs 6.1m, p=0.035) and longer time-to-subsequent treatment failure (TTSTF), defined as time from initial ICB progression to failure of subsequent treatment (median 34.6m vs 9.9m, p=0.003). With the limitations of a retrospective study, these results support the clinical benefit of TBP with ICB for selected patients.
View details for DOI 10.1634/theoncologist.2020-0040
View details for PubMedID 32275786