ACR Appropriateness Criteria® Occupational Lung Diseases. Journal of the American College of Radiology : JACR Cox, C. W., Chung, J. H., Ackman, J. B., Berry, M. F., Carter, B. W., de Groot, P. M., Hobbs, S. B., Johnson, G. B., Maldonado, F. n., McComb, B. L., Tong, B. C., Walker, C. M., Kanne, J. P. 2020; 17 (5S): S188–S197


Ordering the appropriate diagnostic imaging for occupational lung disease requires a firm understanding of the relationship between occupational exposure and expected lower respiratory track manifestation. Where particular inorganic dust exposures typically lead to nodular and interstitial lung disease, other occupational exposures may lead to isolated small airway obstruction. Certain workplace exposures, like asbestos, increase the risk of malignancy, but also produce pulmonary findings that mimic malignancy. This publication aims to delineate the common and special considerations associated with occupational lung disease to assist the ordering physician in selecting the most appropriate imaging study, while still stressing the importance of a multidisciplinary approach. The American College of Radiology Appropriateness Criteria are evidence-based guidelines for specific clinical conditions that are reviewed annually by a multidisciplinary expert panel. The guideline development and revision include an extensive analysis of current medical literature from peer reviewed journals and the application of well-established methodologies (RAND/UCLA Appropriateness Method and Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation or GRADE) to rate the appropriateness of imaging and treatment procedures for specific clinical scenarios. In those instances where evidence is lacking or equivocal, expert opinion may supplement the available evidence to recommend imaging or treatment.

View details for DOI 10.1016/j.jacr.2020.01.022

View details for PubMedID 32370962