BACKGROUND: Breast implants have been related to breast implant-associated anaplastic large cell lymphoma (BIA-ALCL). While some research has been conducted to study BIA-ALCL incidence, little is known regarding surgeon concern about the disease.OBJECTIVES: This study aims to determine surgeon concern about BIA-ALCL within the European plastic surgeon community as related to their practice of breast plastic surgery.METHODS: A 27-question online survey was sent to 2353 members of the European Plastic Surgery Society and EURAPS. 240 surgeons responded (10.2%) from 18 different societies. Questions were related to demographics, exposure to BIA-ALCL cases, clinical practices, awareness, and concern. Univariate and multivariable analyses were used.RESULTS: Of surveyed surgeons, 8% had encountered a case of BIA-ALCL, while 73% were concerned about the disease. The rate of concern seemed to be influenced by seven of the variables studied. However, multivariate analysis demonstrated that none of the combined variables analyzed predicted concern or disclosure of the risks of BIA-ALCL to patients. Textured silicone-filled implants were implicated in the disease (56.5% of cases, P=0.005). Mentor and Polytech were the two brands involved in most of the reported cases (20% each).CONCLUSIONS: Consistent with epidemiological reports worldwide, this study confirms that BIA-ALCL is more prevalent in patients undergoing placement of textured silicone implants, the use of which was greater among surgeons not concerned about the risks of BIA-ALCL. Surgeons appear to approach their patients with similar risk disclosures regardless of practice pattern and type of breast implant used, but not regardless of their concern about the disease.LEVEL OF EVIDENCE V: This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors www.springer.com/00266.
View details for DOI 10.1007/s00266-020-01736-9
View details for PubMedID 32367324