To evaluate the performance of deep learning (DL) classifiers in discriminating normal and abnormal 18F-FACBC (fluciclovine, Axumin®) PET scans based on the presence of tumor recurrence and/or metastases in patients with prostate cancer (PC) and biochemical recurrence (BCR).A total of 251 consecutive 18F-fluciclovine PET scans were acquired between September 2017 and June 2019 in 233 PC patients with BCR (18 patients had 2 scans). PET images were labeled as normal or abnormal using clinical reports as the ground truth. Convolutional neural network (CNN) models were trained using two different architectures, a 2D-CNN (ResNet-50) using single slices (slice-based approach) and the same 2D-CNN and a 3D-CNN (ResNet-14) using a hundred slices per PET image (case-based approach). Models' performances were evaluated on independent test datasets.For the 2D-CNN slice-based approach, 6800 and 536 slices were used for training and test datasets, respectively. The sensitivity and specificity of this model were 90.7% and 95.1%, and the area under the curve (AUC) of receiver operating characteristic curve was 0.971 (p?
View details for DOI 10.1007/s00259-020-04912-w
View details for PubMedID 32556481