Deep learning detection of prostate cancer recurrence with 18F-FACBC (fluciclovine, Axumin®) positron emission tomography. European journal of nuclear medicine and molecular imaging Lee, J. J., Yang, H., Franc, B. L., Iagaru, A., Davidzon, G. A. 2020

Abstract

To evaluate the performance of deep learning (DL) classifiers in discriminating normal and abnormal 18F-FACBC (fluciclovine, Axumin®) PET scans based on the presence of tumor recurrence and/or metastases in patients with prostate cancer (PC) and biochemical recurrence (BCR).A total of 251 consecutive 18F-fluciclovine PET scans were acquired between September 2017 and June 2019 in 233 PC patients with BCR (18 patients had 2 scans). PET images were labeled as normal or abnormal using clinical reports as the ground truth. Convolutional neural network (CNN) models were trained using two different architectures, a 2D-CNN (ResNet-50) using single slices (slice-based approach) and the same 2D-CNN and a 3D-CNN (ResNet-14) using a hundred slices per PET image (case-based approach). Models' performances were evaluated on independent test datasets.For the 2D-CNN slice-based approach, 6800 and 536 slices were used for training and test datasets, respectively. The sensitivity and specificity of this model were 90.7% and 95.1%, and the area under the curve (AUC) of receiver operating characteristic curve was 0.971 (p?

View details for DOI 10.1007/s00259-020-04912-w

View details for PubMedID 32556481