Assessment of Eye Disease and Visual Impairment in the Nursing Home Population Using Mobile Health Technology OPHTHALMIC SURGERY LASERS & IMAGING RETINA Lai, K. Y., Pathipati, M. P., Blumenkranz, M. S., Leung, L., Moshfeghi, D. M., Toy, B. C., Myung, D. 2020; 51 (5): 262–70


To characterize the burden of eye disease and the utility of teleophthalmology in nursing home patients, a population with ophthalmic needs not commensurate with care received.Informed consent was obtained from 78 California Bay Area skilled nursing facility patients. Near visual acuity (VA) and anterior/posterior segment photographs were taken with a smartphone-based VA app and ophthalmic camera system. The Nursing Home Vision-Targeted Health-Related Quality of Life questionnaire was also administered. Risk factors for visual impairment were assessed. Institutional review board approval was obtained from Stanford University.Cataracts (51%), diabetic retinopathy (DR) (12%), optic neuropathy (12%), and age-related macular degeneration (AMD) (10%) were common findings; 11.7% had other referral-warranted findings. AMD and DR correlated with a higher risk of poor VA, with adjusted odds ratios of 22 (P = .01) and 43 (P = .004).This study demonstrated a high prevalence of poor VA and ophthalmic disease in the nursing home population impacting quality of life. Smartphone-based teleophthalmology platforms have the potential to increase access to eye care for nursing home patients. [Ophthalmic Surg Lasers Imaging Retina. 2020;51:262-270.].

View details for DOI 10.3928/23258160-20200501-03

View details for Web of Science ID 000539315500003

View details for PubMedID 32511729