Clinicopathologic features, outcomes, and prognostic factors of testicular sarcoma: a population-based study. International urology and nephrology Bhambhvani, H. P., Greenberg, D. R., Kasman, A. M., Eisenberg, M. L. 2020


PURPOSE: To describe clinical characteristics and identify prognostic factors among men with testicular sarcoma, and to compare survival with other testicular cancers.METHODS: The surveillance, epidemiology, and end results (SEER) database (1975-2016) was queried to identify adults with testicular sarcoma. Multivariable Cox proportional hazards, Fine and Gray competing-risks regression, propensity score matching, and Kaplan-Meier analyses were used.RESULTS: 230 men were included in this study. Median age at diagnosis was 58years (range 18-94), and median OS was 10.3years. Patients with tumors larger than 8cm in size had worse OS (HR 1.88, p=0.016) compared to patients with tumors<8cm. Disease with distant metastasis was associated with worse OS (HR 4.70, p<0.0001) and worse CSS (HR 11.41, p<0.0001) as compared to disease localized to the testis. Men with rhabdomyosarcoma had worse CSS (HR 3.25, p=0.03) as compared to men with liposarcoma. Testicular sarcoma patients had worse OS than matched patients with either seminomatous germ cell tumors (GCTs, p<0.0001) or nonseminomatous GCTs (p=0.0019), and similar survival to matched patients with sex cord stromal tumors, testicular lymphoma, or sarcomas of the lower limb-the most common anatomic site of origin of soft tissue sarcomas.CONCLUSIONS: In the largest cohort of men with testicular sarcoma to date, we identified tumor size, disease extent, and rhabdomyosarcoma histology as independent predictors of worse survival. Stage-adjusted survival was worse as compared to men with GCTs, and similar to men with sex cord stromal tumors, testicular lymphoma, and sarcomas of other primary sites.

View details for DOI 10.1007/s11255-020-02634-4

View details for PubMedID 32895865