There is a paucity of literature that examines how patient-reported outcomes correspond to early radiographic progression of thumb carpometacarpal (CMC) osteoarthritis (OA). This study examines how Australian/Canadian Osteoarthritis Hand Index (AUSCAN) and Patient-Rated Hand and Wrist Evaluation (PRWHE) scores change over 36 months in subjects with early CMC OA.Ninety-one subjects with symptomatic early thumb CMC OA were enrolled. Differences in AUSCAN and PRWHE scores were measured between subjects at baseline and at 18-month follow-up, and between the subjects at baseline and at 36-month follow-up. Radiographic progression was defined as an increase in modified Eaton Stage. Differences in AUSCAN and PRWHE scores were compared between these 2 groups in order to determine if radiographic progression was associated with a greater change in AUSCAN and PRWHE at 18- and 36-month follow-up.At 18- and 36-month follow-up visits, there were no significant differences in AUSCAN or PRWHE compared to baseline. Multivariable logistic regression analysis did not reveal any significant differences between subjects with radiographic progression to subjects without radiographic progression at 18-month follow-up. At 36-month follow-up, this analysis did demonstrate that subjects with evidence of radiographic progression had a significant increase in the PRWHE pain subscale.AUSCAN and PRWHE scores were not found to significantly progress at 18-month and 36-month follow-up. However, when comparing the subset of subjects with and without radiographic OA, subjects with early CMC OA who had 1 stage of radiographic progression were found to have a significantly higher intensity of pain on the PRWHE pain subscale at 36-month follow-up.
View details for DOI 10.1177/1558944720928489
View details for PubMedID 32935579