PURPOSE: Despite the growing presence of interventional radiology (IR) in inpatient care, its global impact on the health care system remains uncharacterized. The aim of this study was to quantitate the use of IR services rendered to hospitalized patients in the United States and the impact on cost.METHODS: The National Inpatient Sample 2016 was queried. Using the International Classification of Diseases, tenth rev, Clinical Modification/Procedure Classification System, adult inpatients who underwent routine IR procedures were identified. Unadjusted and adjusted analyses were performed. Weighted patient data are presented to provide national estimates.RESULTS: Of the 29.7 million inpatient admissions in 2016, 2.3 million (7.8%) had at least one IR procedure. Patients who needed IR were older (62.8 vs 57.1 years, P < .001), were sicker on the basis of the All Patient Refined Diagnosis Related Groups (27% major or extreme vs 14% for non-IR, P < .001), and had higher inpatient mortality (8.2% vs 1.7%, P < .001). While representing 7.8% of all admissions, this cohort accounted for 18.4% ($68.4 billion) of adult inpatient health care costs and about 3 times higher mean hospitalization cost compared with other inpatients ($29,402 vs $11,062, P < .001), which remained significant even after controlling for age and All Patient Refined Diagnosis Related Group.CONCLUSIONS: Approximately 1 in 10 US inpatients are treated with IR during their hospitalizations. These patients are sicker, with about 4 times higher mortality and 2.5 times greater length of stay, accounting for almost one-fifth of all health care costs. These findings suggest that IR should have a voice in discussions of means to save costs and improve patient outcomes in the United States.
View details for DOI 10.1016/j.jacr.2020.07.038
View details for PubMedID 32918863