Left atrial posterior wall isolation in conjunction with pulmonary vein isolation using cryoballoon for treatment of persistent atrial fibrillation (PIVoTAL): study rationale and design. Journal of interventional cardiac electrophysiology : an international journal of arrhythmias and pacing Aryana, A., Pujara, D. K., Allen, S. L., Baker, J. H., Espinosa, M. A., Buch, E. F., Srivatsa, U., Ellis, E., Makati, K., Kowalski, M., Lee, S., Tadros, T., Baykaner, T., Al-Ahmad, A., d'Avila, A., Di Biase, L., Okishige, K., Natale, A. 2020


BACKGROUND: There is growing evidence in support of pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) with concomitant posterior wall isolation (PWI) for the treatment of patients with symptomatic persistent atrial fibrillation (persAF). However, there is limited data on the safety and efficacy of this approach using the cryoballoon.OBJECTIVE: The aim of this multicenter, investigational device exemption trial (G190171) is to prospectively evaluate the acute and long-term outcomes of PVI versus PVI+PWI using the cryoballoon in patients with symptomatic persAF.METHODS: The PIVoTAL is a prospective, randomized controlled study ( ClinicalTrials.gov : NCT04505163) in which patients with symptomatic persAF refractory/intolerant to =1 class I-IV antiarrhythmic drug, undergoing first-time catheter ablation, will be randomized to PVI (n=183) versus PVI+PWI (n=183) using the cryoballoon in a 1:1 fashion. The design will be double-blind until randomization immediately after PVI, beyond which the design will transform into a single-blind. PVI using cryoballoon will be standardized using a pre-specified dosing algorithm. Other empiric ablations aside from documented arrhythmias/arrhythmias spontaneously induced during the procedure will not be permitted. The primary efficacy endpoint is defined as AF recurrence at 12months, after a single procedure and a 90-day blanking period. Arrhythmia outcomes will be assessed by routine electrocardiograms and 7-14day ambulatory electrocardiographic monitoring at 3, 6, and 12months post-ablation.CONCLUSION: The PIVoTAL is a prospective, randomized controlled trial designed to evaluate the outcomes of PVI alone versus PVI+PWI using the cryoballoon, in patients with symptomatic persAF. We hypothesize that PVI+PWI will prove to be superior to PVI alone for prevention of AF recurrence.

View details for DOI 10.1007/s10840-020-00885-w

View details for PubMedID 33009645