Elective Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in Ambulatory Surgery Centers. JACC. Cardiovascular interventions Li, K., Kalwani, N. M., Heidenreich, P. A., Fearon, W. F. 2020


OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore characteristics and outcomes of patients undergoing elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in ambulatory surgery centers (ASCs).BACKGROUND: Little is known about patients who underwent ASC PCI before Medicare reimbursement was instituted in2020.METHODS: Using commercial insurance claims from MarketScan, adults who underwent hospital outpatient department (HOPD) or ASC PCI for stable ischemic heart disease from 2007 to 2016 were studied. Propensity score analysis was used to measure the association between treatment setting and the primary composite outcome of 30-day myocardial infarction, bleeding complications, and hospital admission.RESULTS: The unmatched sample consisted of 95,492 HOPD and 849 ASC PCIs. Patients who underwent ASC PCI were more likely to be younger than 65 years, to live in the southern United States, and to have managed or consumer-driven health insurance. ASC PCI was also associated with decreased fractional flow reserve utilization (odds ratio [OR]: 0.31; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.20 to 0.48; p<0.001). In unmatched, multivariate analysis, ASC PCI was associated with increased odds of the primary outcome (OR: 1.25; 95%CI: 1.01 to 1.56; p=0.039) and bleeding complications (OR: 1.80; 95%CI: 1.11 to 2.90; p=0.016). In propensity-matched analysis, ASC PCI was not associated with the primary outcome (OR: 1.23; 95%CI: 0.94 to 1.60; p=0.124) but was significantly associated with increased bleeding complications (OR: 2.49; 95%CI: 1.25 to 4.95; p=0.009).CONCLUSIONS: Commercially insured patients undergoing ASC PCI were less likely to undergo fractional flow reserve testing and had higher odds of bleeding complications than HOPD-treated patients. Further study is warranted as Medicare ASC PCI volume increases.

View details for DOI 10.1016/j.jcin.2020.10.015

View details for PubMedID 33183992