Chagas disease, a multisystem infection caused by the protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi, is primarily found in Latin America. In recent years, prevalence has increased in the United States, where reactivation is the most common clinical scenario. Here, we describe cutaneous reactivation of T. cruzi in a patient with limited cutaneous systemic sclerosis on immunosuppression therapy who simultaneously presented with cytomegalovirus reactivation. Histopathology showed parasitized histiocytes in the superficial and deep dermis. Occasional epidermal keratinocytes were also parasitized, and rare organisms were also seen in the walls of blood vessels. Also noted were viral cytopathic changes within the vascular endothelium, and immunostaining confirmed cytomegalovirus. In this report, we describe the difference in cutaneous findings between reactivated and acute Chagas disease, and we also review the histopathologic features that help distinguish T.cruzi from other intracellular organisms.
View details for DOI 10.1097/DAD.0000000000001842
View details for PubMedID 33201010