PURPOSE: To determine whether interim 3'-deoxy-3'-[18F]fluorothymidine (iFLT) PET/CT is a superior predictor of progression-free survival (PFS) compared with interim 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (iFDG) PET/CT in patients with diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) treated with rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (R-CHOP) or rituximab, etoposide, prednisone, vincristine, cyclophosphamide, and doxorubicin (R-EPOCH).METHODS: Ninety-two prospectively enrolled patients with DLBCL underwent both FLT-PET/CT and FDG-PET/CT 18-24days after two cycles of R-CHOP/R-EPOCH. Deauville-criteria, PERCIST1.0, standardized uptake value (SUV), total lesion glycolysis (TLG), and metabolic tumor volume were used to interpret iFDG-PET/CT while dichotomous visual interpretation was used to interpret iFLT-PET/CT and the results were compared with the 3- and 5-year PFS.RESULTS: iFLT-PET/CT was negative in 67 (73%) and positive in 25 (27%) patients. iFDG-PET/CT by Deauville criteria was negative (Deauville scores [DS] of 1-3) in 53 (58%) and positive (DS=4-5) in 39 (42%) patients. Of the 67 iFLT-PET/CT-negative patients, 7 (10.4%) progressedat a median of 14.1months whereas 14/25 (56.0%) iFLT-PET/CT-positive patientsprogressed at a median of 7.8months (P<.0001). Of the 53 Deauville-negative patients, 9 (17.0%) progressedat a median of 14.1months whereas 12/39 (30.8%) Deauville-positive patients progressedat a median of 5.6months (P=.11). In multivariate analysis, including iFLT-PET/CT, PERCIST, interim TLG, and interim SUVmax, only iFLT-PET/CT was an independent predictor for 3- and 5-year PFS (P<.0001 and P=.001, respectively).CONCLUSIONS: In patients with DLBCL given R-CHOP/R-EPOCH, iFLT-PET/CT is a superior independent predictor of outcome compared with iFDG-PET/CT.
View details for DOI 10.1007/s00259-021-05353-9
View details for PubMedID 33909086