Clinical translation of choline and geranic acid deep eutectic solvent. Bioengineering & translational medicine Ko, J., Mandal, A., Dhawan, S., Shevachman, M., Mitragotri, S., Joshi, N. 2021; 6 (2): e10191


Choline geranate deep eutectic solvent/ionic liquid (CAGE) has shown several desirable therapeutic properties including antimicrobial activity and ability to deliver drugs transdermally in research laboratories. Here, we describe the first report of clinical translation of CAGE from the lab into the clinic for the treatment of rosacea, a common chronic inflammatory skin disorder that affects the face. We describe the seven steps of clinical translation including (a) scale-up, (b) characterization, (c) stability analysis, (d) mechanism of action, (e) dose determination, (f) GLP toxicity study, and (g) human clinical study. We describe the challenges and outcomes in these steps, especially those that uniquely arise from the deep eutectic nature of CAGE. Our translational efforts led to a 12-week open-label phase 1b cosmetic study with CAGE1:2 gel (CGB400) in mild-moderate facial rosacea in 26 patients where CGB400 exhibited a marked reduction in the number of inflammatory lesions. These results demonstrate the therapeutic potential of CGB400 for treating rosacea as well as it provides insights into the translational journey of deep eutectic solvents, in particular CAGE, for dermatological applications.

View details for DOI 10.1002/btm2.10191

View details for PubMedID 34027084

View details for PubMedCentralID PMC8126811