A 35-year-old Filipino woman presented with epigastric pain and was found to have two large jejunal and ileal inflammatory fibroid polyps (IFPs) and dozens of subcentimeter small bowel submucosal nodules. Targeted exon sequencing of PDGFRA on the resected jejunum IFP identified a variant c.1664A>G that was subsequently confirmed in the germline. Family history was striking for three relatives with confirmed IFPs, including one with small bowel intussusception on five occasions. All relatives with IFPs were confirmed to have the same PDGFRA germline likely pathogenic variant, all were female, and all had IFPs by age 50 years that necessitated surgery. Two obligate carriers were reported to have had a similar phenotype while at least one obligate male carrier had no reported history of IFPs. This is the sixth reported family with a germline PDGFRA pathogenic variant and history of IFPs or gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST). This is the second report of the c.1664A>G likely pathogenic variant in a family that is unrelated to, and of different ethnic origin than, the first family. This second family exhibited a striking history of multiple IFPs without any reported GISTs, suggesting a possible genotype/phenotype association for this variant, and a possible female gender penetrance bias.
View details for DOI 10.1016/j.cancergen.2021.05.003
View details for PubMedID 34107389