External validation of a predictive model of adverse events following spine surgery. The spine journal : official journal of the North American Spine Society Fatemi, P., Zhang, Y., Han, S. S., Purington, N., Zygourakis, C. C., Veeravagu, A., Desai, A., Park, J., Shuer, L. M., Ratliff, J. K. 2021


BACKGROUND CONTEXT: We lack models that reliably predict 30-day postoperative adverse events (AEs) following spine surgery.PURPOSE: We externally validated a previously developed predictive model for common 30-day adverse events (AEs) after spine surgery.STUDY DESIGN/SETTING: This prospective cohort study utilizes inpatient and outpatient data from a tertiary academic medical center.PATIENT SAMPLE: We assessed a prospective cohort of all 276 adult patients undergoing spine surgery in the Department of Neurosurgery at a tertiary academic institution between April 1, 2018 and October 31, 2018. No exclusion criteria were applied.OUTCOME MEASURES: Incidence of observed AEs was compared with predicted incidence of AEs. Fifteen assessed AEs included: pulmonary complications, congestive heart failure, neurological complications, pneumonia, cardiac dysrhythmia, renal failure, myocardial infarction, wound infection, pulmonary embolus, deep venous thrombosis, wound hematoma, other wound complication, urinary tract infection, delirium, and other infection.METHODS: Our group previously developed the Risk Assessment Tool for Adverse Events after Spine Surgery (RAT-Spine), a predictive model of AEs within 30 days following spine surgery using a cohort of approximately one million patients from combined Medicare and MarketScan databases. We applied RAT-Spine to the single academic institution prospective cohort by entering each patient's preoperative medical and demographic characteristics and surgical type. The model generated a patient-specific overall risk score ranging from 0 to 1 representing the probability of occurrence of any AE. The predicted risks are presented as absolute percent risk and divided into low (<17%), medium (17-28%), and high (>28%).RESULTS: Among the 276 patients followed prospectively, 76 experienced at least one 30-day postoperative AE. Slightly more than half of the cohort were women (53.3%). The median age was slightly lower in the non-AE cohort (63 vs 66.5 years old). Patients with Medicaid comprised 2.5% of the non-AE cohort and 6.6% of the AE cohort. Spinal fusion was performed in 59.1% of cases, which was comparable across cohorts. There was good agreement between the predicted AE and observed AE rates, Area Under the Curve (AUC) 0.64 (95% CI 0.56-0.710). The incidence of observed AEs in the prospective cohort was 17.8% among the low-risk group, 23.0% in the medium-risk group, and 38.4% in the high risk group (p?=?0.003).CONCLUSIONS: We externally validated a model for postoperative AEs following spine surgery (RAT-Spine). The results are presented as low-, moderate-, and high-risk designations.

View details for DOI 10.1016/j.spinee.2021.06.006

View details for PubMedID 34116215