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BACKGROUND: Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) pathways in several specialties reduce length of stay, but accelerated discharge after thoracic surgery is not well characterized. This study tested the hypothesis that patients discharged on post-operative day 1 (POD1) after lobectomy for lung cancer have an increased risk of readmission.METHODS: Patients who underwent a lobectomy for lung cancer between 2011-2019 in the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database were identified. Readmission rates were compared between patients discharged on postoperative day 1 (POD1) and patients discharged POD 2-6. Early discharge and readmission predictors were evaluated using multivariable logistic regression analysis.RESULTS: Only 854 (3.8%) of 22,585 patients that met inclusion criteria were discharged on POD1, though POD1 discharge rates increased from 2.3% to 8.1% (p< 0.001) from 2011 to 2019. Median hospitalization for POD2-6 patients was 4 days (IQR: 3-5). Patient characteristics associated with a lower likelihood of POD1 discharge were increasing age, smokers, or history of dyspnea, while a minimally invasive approach was the strongest predictor of early discharge (AOR 5.42, p<0.001). Readmission rates were not significantly different for POD1 and POD2-6 groups in univariate analysis (6.0% vs 7.0%, p=0.269). Further, POD1 discharge was not a risk factor for readmission in multivariable analysis (AOR 1.10, p=0.537).CONCLUSIONS: Select patients can be discharged on POD1 after lobectomy for lung cancer without an increased readmission risk, supporting this accelerated discharge target inclusion in lobectomy ERAS protocols.
View details for DOI 10.1016/j.athoracsur.2021.05.053
View details for PubMedID 34126077