Racial/ethnic minority groups are disproportionately affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. We examined ethnic differences in SARS-CoV-2 testing patterns and positivity rates in a large health care system in Northern California. The study population included patients tested for SARS-CoV-2 from March 4, 2020, through January 12, 2021, at Stanford Health Care. We used adjusted hierarchical logistic regression models to identify factors associated with receiving a positive test result. During the study period, 282 916 SARS-CoV-2 tests were administered to 179 032 unique patients, 32 766 (18.3%) of whom were Hispanic. Hispanic patients were 3 times more likely to receive a positive test result than patients in other racial/ethnic groups (odds ratio = 3.16; 95% CI, 3.00-3.32). The rate of receiving a positive test result for SARS-CoV-2 among Hispanic patients increased from 5.4% in mid-March to 15.7% in mid-July, decreased to 3.9% in mid-October, and increased to 21.2% toward the end of December. Hispanic patients were more likely than non-Hispanic patients to receive a positive test result for SARS-CoV-2, with increasing trends during regional surges. The disproportionate and growing overrepresentation of Hispanic people receiving a positive test result for SARS-CoV-2 demonstrates the need to focus public health prevention efforts on these communities.
View details for DOI 10.1177/00333549211026778
View details for PubMedID 34161176