OBJECTIVE: To compare the current representation of women and underrepresented minorities in medicine (URM) of the urologic resident workforce to the general U.S.POPULATION: MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data on current gender and racial distribution of U.S. urology residents was obtained from the 2019-2020 ACGME Data Resource Book and compared to the projected 2019 U.S. population as reported in the U.S. Census data. In this study, URM status included Black/African American, Hispanic/Latino, Native American/Alaskan, Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander and Other. For each gender and race/ethnicity, the percent differences in representation were calculated by subtracting the frequency in the general U.S. population from that of the urology resident workforce and two sample z-tests were performed.RESULTS: 1734 urology residents were identified in 2019-2020, of which 471 (27.2%) were female and 258 (14.9%) were URM. Two sample z-tests revealed a significantly lower representation in urologic residency programs for women (-23.6%, p-value < 0.05) and URMs (-19.1%, p-value < 0.05). Race/ethnicity subgroup analyses revealed underrepresentation of Black/African American (-9.7%, p-value < 0.05), Hispanic/Latino (-14.2%, p-value < 0.05), Native American/Alaskan (-1.1%, p-value < 0.05).CONCLUSION: Women and URMs continue to be significantly underrepresented in urology residency relative to the general U.S.POPULATION: Further study should better understand barriers to entering the urologic workforce and identify strategies to encourage interest in urology among female and URM prospective trainees.
View details for DOI 10.1016/j.urology.2021.06.039
View details for PubMedID 34293375