Renal Dysfunction in Chronic Hepatitis B Patients Treated with Adefovir Dipivoxil HEPATOLOGY Ha, N. B., Ha, N. B., Garcia, R. T., Trinh, H. N., Vu, A. A., Nguyen, H. A., Nguyen, K. K., Levitt, B. S., Nguyen, M. H. 2009; 50 (3): 727-734


Renal dysfunction has been reported in patients treated with adefovir dipivoxil (ADV); however, its incidence and clinical importance may be underappreciated given the lack of long-term follow-up and data outside of a clinical trial setting. Our goal was to examine the severity and incidence of renal dysfunction in a real-life setting for patients treated with ADV and whose baseline estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was >50 mL/minute. We performed a cohort study of 290 chronic hepatitis B patients: 145 patients treated with 10 mg ADV and 145 patients unexposed to ADV at two community clinics, who were matched for age (+/-10 years), sex, and baseline eGFR. The exposed and unexposed populations were well-matched with a similar mean age (46-47 years), proportion of male patients (76.5%), baseline serum creatinine (0.97-0.99 mg/dL), and baseline creatinine clearance (85.0-85.4 mL/minute). The incidence density for renal dysfunction defined by treatment termination and/or development of eGFR < or =50 mL/minute was five cases per 100 patient-years in the exposed group compared with 1.36 cases per 100 patient-years in the unexposed group (P = 0.02). The relative risk of exposed to unexposed was 3.68 (95% confidence interval 1.1-19.3). On Cox proportional hazard analysis also inclusive of sex, ADV was a significant predictor of significant renal dysfunction (hazard ratio [HR] 3.94, P = 0.03). There were also significant trends for age >50 years (HR 3.49, P = 0.087), mild renal impairment at baseline (HR 4.49, P = 0.073), and hypertension and/or diabetes mellitus (HR 2.36, P = 0.074).ADV is an independent predictor for significant deterioration of renal function. Patients on ADV should be monitored, especially patients who are older, have baseline renal insufficiency, or have hypertension and/or diabetes mellitus.

View details for DOI 10.1002/hep.23044

View details for Web of Science ID 000269551100011

View details for PubMedID 19517525